J.C. Wells – Whatever happened to Received Pronunciation?

Jeg er lige faldet over en meget interessant artikel om britisk RP-udtale. Artiklens forfatter fremlægger bl.a. 3 måder, at definere RP på og 15 måder RP ændrer sig på eller har ændret sig på. Artiklen var oprindeligt en del af debatten om RP, der blev mere og mere upopulær i dens hjemland i 1990’erne. Bl.a. gjorde BBC en indsats for i bedste norske stil, at vise så mange forskellige regionale varianter på TV, som muligt.

Parts of the BBC, claimed the then managing director of BBC network radio, Liz Forgan, were “lagging a little behind the sound of the nation, beginning to sound a bit antique”. Ms Forgan, “herself a model of received home counties pronunciation”, reportedly said she did not want presenters to sound like her. The subtext here includes the implication that RP is geographically non-regional and socially upper-class, qualities which demographic and social changed in Britain have made no longer as desirable as heretofore.

Bl.a. Beskriver Wells også at én af mine personlige yndlingssærheder ved RP, er på ved ud og har været det længe.. Ærgeligt må jeg sige, da det jeg synes det er en meget charmerende egenskab ved udtalen af wh.

Words spelt wh. In words spelt with wh English people of all social classes and in all parts of the country normally pronounce plain /w/, as why /waɪ/, when /wen/, which /wɪtʃ/, somewhere /ˈsʌmweə/. The words whine and wine are homophones. However a few speech-conscious people make the effort to pronounce /hw/ in these words, thus /hwaɪ, hwen, hwɪtʃ, ˈsʌmhweə/, and to make a distinction between /hwaɪn/ and /waɪn/. (In Scotland, Ireland, and much of the United States, matters are different: their native local accent retains /hw/.) Sociolinguistically, /hw/ is so uncommon as to be negligible; ideally, it should perhaps be regarded as part of RP. For EFL, Jones rightly judged that it was an unnecessary complication.

Det er meget interesant læsning om en standardvariants ændringer gennem tiden. Læs den!
http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/wells/rphappened.htm

Forfatter: Hans Henrik Juhl

Jeg hedder Hans Henrik Juhl, er 21

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